- James Houser
Unknown Soldiers Episode 10: After the Armistice - Commentary, Maps, Images, Sources
There's a lot of info in today's episode, and I go over a lot very quickly. So I figure throwing out some maps, context, and especially a list of the stuff I glossed over today would be helpful. So there were a LOT of conflicts from 1917-1923. There's this impression that after World War I things were suddenly peaceful, but oh boy we learned how wrong that is. Here is a non-comprehensive list of the supposedly separate conflicts I covered or mentioned in this episode:
Russian Revolution & Civil War, 1917-1923
(I'm just gonna count all the craziness in the former Russian Empire's borders as part of that, because there's just too much)
German Revolutions, 1918-1919
Hungarian Revolution, 1918-1920
September Uprising in Bulgaria, 1923
Biennio Rosso (Italy), 1919-24
Red Triennium (Spain), 1918-1921
Red Week (Netherlands), 1919
Persian Socialist Soviet Republic, 1920-1921
Tragic Week (Argentina), 1919
Rand Rebellion (South Africa), 1921-1922
Polish-Soviet War, 1919-1921
Hungarian-Romanian War, 1918-1919
Hungarian-Czechoslovak War, 1918-1919
Austro-Slovene Conflict in Carinthia, 1918-1919
Polish-Czechoslovak Border War, 1918-1919
Silesian Uprisings, 1919-1921
Irish War of Independence, 1918-1922
Irish Civil War, 1922-1923
Turkish War of Independence, 1919-1923
Iraqi Revolt against Britain, 1920
Kapp Putsch (Germany), 1920
Beer Hall Putsch (Germany), 1923
Red Summer (USA), 1919
Tulsa Race Riot (USA), 1921
Destruction of Rosewood (USA), 1923
March on Rome (Italy), 1922
And that doesn't even touch all the stuff I DIDN'T cover. There was a lot more, but the episode already spilled over my usual limits just a little bit.
Just so you know I am NOT downplaying the Red Summer in America, because someone I told about it once accused me of that ("There's no way it was that bad, I would've heard about it"), here's a screenshot of the Wikipedia menu:
Anyway, below are some maps to help you make better sense of everything I talked about today...I know it's a lot. And I will see you guys next week! Sweet dreams...
Above: attempted dismemberment of Turkey at Sevres, 1920, and actual borders after Treaty of Lausanne, 1923
Next week's episode will be more fun, I promise.
Figes, Orlando. A People’s Tragedy: The Russian Revolution 1891-1924. London: Jonathan Cape, 1996.
Fromkin, David. A Peace to End All Peace: The Fall of the Ottoman Empire and the Creation of the Modern Middle East. New York: Henry Holt, 1989.
Gerwarth, Robert. The Vanquished: Why the First World War Failed to End, 1917-1923. London: Allen Lane, 2016.
Hopkinson, Michael. The Irish War of Independence. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan, 2002.
Kershaw, Ian. Hitler 1889-1936: Hubris. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1999.
Mazower, Mark. Dark Continent: Europe's Twentieth Century. London: Allen Lane, 1998.
McWhirter, Cameron. Red Summer: The Summer of 1919 and the Awakening of Black America. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 2011.