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  • James Houser

Unknown Soldiers Podcast Episode #44, "Hellfighters", Sources


Barbeau, Arthur and Henri, Florette. The Unknown Soldiers: Black American Troops in World War I. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1974.

Ferrell, Robert. Unjustly Dishonored: An African American Division in World War I. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2011.

McWhirter, Cameron. Red Summer: The Summer of 1919 and the Awakening of Black America. New York: Henry Holt & Company, 2011.

Nalty, Bernard C. Strength for the Fight: A History of Black Americans in the Military. New York: Free Press, 1986.

Nelson, Peter. A More Unbending Battle: The Harlem Hellfighters' Struggle for Freedom in WWI and Equality at Home. New York: Basic Civitas, 2009.

Slotkin, Richard. Lost Battalions: The Great War and the Crisis of American Nationality. New York: Holt, 2006.

Williams, Chad L. Torchbearers of Democracy: African American Soldiers in the World War I Era. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2010.

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